Tuesday, October 14, 2008

Adjetivos y pronombres demostrativos

Los adjetivos demostrativos son para indicar la posición de lo que estamos hablando, y son this (este / esta) y that (ese / esa).

this car
that girl
este coche
esa niña

Estos adjetivos, pues, tienen múmero (singular / plurar) en relación al sustantivo al que acompañan, pero en cambio no poseen género másculino o femenino.

  singular plural
masculino / femenino
masculino / femenino
this
that
these
those

This student is intelligent
Este estudiante es inteligente

These students are intelligent
Estos estudiantes son inteligentes

That book is interesting
Ese libro es interesante

Those books are interesting
Esos libros sin interesantes

This / that, y sus correspondientes partículos en plural these / those se pueden usar solos para que foncionen como pronombres demostrativos.

This is my book
That is your car
These are my friends
Those are their relatives
Este es mi libro
Ese es tu coche
Estos son mis amigos
Esos son sus familiares

También se puede dar el caso que el pronombre demostrativo del inglés sustituya al sustantivo al que está relacionado, utilizándose cuando ésta ya se ha mencionado anteriormente. También cuando el contexto queda definido.

Have you seen my book? Yes, this is your book
¿Has visto mi libro? Sí, este es tu libro

Who is your father? That is my father
¿Quién es tu padre? Ese es mi padre

4 Comments:

Anonymous Cecilia said...

Me pareció muy interesante tu artículo. ¿Qué opinás del uso de los demostrativos en inglés y en español? http://blog-de-traduccion.trustedtranslations.com/los-demostrativos-en-ingles-y-en-espanol-2009-07-17.html

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